|5-string Bass Violin|
Viola da Gamba,
or bowed vihuela
These are three six string bass viols with a string length of around 700 mm.
Two of them have the fingerboard
and tailpiece veneered on
ebony and on the other two that same piece is made of maple (a type of wood extensivelly used, along with some fruitwoods, to make those pieces).
The two instruments above are based on a model by
Cheron and the two at the bottom, with a smaller soundbox, are based on
Two tenor viols.
The first one with a 550mm string length, first, based on a John Rose instrument and the other one with 585 mm string length, based on a model of own design.
On the left, treble and tenor viols from the "consort" built for the Bilbao Conservatorio Superior de Musica “J.C.Arriaga”.
On the right, another treble based on the same model, varnished dark red and a solid scroll.
This is a six string violone in G
a five stringed violone
by Hanns Ruod Schaffer, 1692, in a private collection.
is an instrument from the Alemanische Schule (1), and it has its
characteristic features (look at technics)
. These characteristics have been considered as
an archaic way of construction, the ribs inserted in a
groove on the back , no corner blocks, with very long points to have
enough glueing surface for the ribs and the upper block and
neck all one , as in the vihuelas or other early instruments like
the ones at the Freiberg Dome (2)
This could be an instrument very similar to the Iberian Violone, as the musicologist Crisanto Gándara tells us in his article "El violón ibérico" (3).
5-String Bass violin
This is a five string bass violin based on the instrument above. It is a smaller instrument and it is tuned Bb,F,C,G.
(1) Addelmann and Otterstedt. "Die Alemanische Schule. Geigenbau im 17.Jahrhundert im südlichen Schwartzwald und in der Schweitz".Berlin, Staatliches institut fúr Musikforschung Preussischer Kulturbestz, 1997.
(2) Eszter Fontana, Veit Heller, "Wenn Engel musizieren Musikinstrumente von 1594 im Freiberger Dom "
Verlag Janos Stekovics. ISBN: 3899230671
ibérico" Revista de Musicología, 22 (1999).